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10 fascinating fictional languages that are found in literature and in movies

Quite often, writers and screenwriters endow their heroes with their own fictional languages. Sometimes, in order to preserve the intrigue of what is happening, sometimes in order to add depth to the work, and sometimes completely for only known reasons. In our review of the 10-ka very interesting and funny fictional languages ​​that have appeared in recent decades.
1. Alien
Alien – a set of fictional languages ​​that often appear, as a rule, in the form of graffiti in the popular animated series “Futurama”. There is even a translation of this language into English, which was performed by loyal fans of the series.

2. Snake
In the Harry Potter books, parseltang is the language of snakes, which only serpent magicians understand. He could speak Salazar Slytherin and his descendants, including Voldemort, who transferred this ability to Harry when he tried to kill him. JK Rowling said that she called the language “the old name of those who have problems with speech.”

3. Aklo
Aclo is a fictional language that is often associated with the writing of forbidden or occult texts. Aclo was invented by Arthur Macken in the 1899 story “White Men,” in which two men discuss the nature of evil. This language is remarkable for being often used in other fiction. Lovecraft used the aclo in two stories about Cthulhu (“danwich horror” and “ghost in the dark”). Alan Moore used this language in the novel “Courtyard”. Since this language is always used only briefly by many authors, there is no single set of its grammar or vocabulary.

4. Mangani
Mangani is the language of the monkeys from the novels about Tarzan Edgar Rice Burroughs, as well as the word by which the monkeys call themselves. It is described as consisting of guttural sounds, which are nouns and basic concepts.

5. Newspeak (new language)
Newspeak was invented by George Orwell for his 1984 anti-utopia novel. Newspeak was developed by a fictional totalitarian regime to ensure its rule over the people. Initially it was English, but its vocabulary was constantly reduced to exclude any words that convey ideas of freedom, rebellion, or free thought.

6. Nadsat
Invented by the author Anthony Burgess, nadsat is the idiomatic language of adolescents in A Clockwork Orange. The word itself comes from the transliteration of the Russian word (the end of the numerals “-teen”). It was a popular speech, created by the youth counterculture, and consisting of English, some transliterations from the Russian, London Cockney slang and words invented by Burgess himself. All the words natsat simple, and the author seeks to show these lack of depth of thinking in adolescents.

7. Simlish
Simlish is a spoken language in the Sims computer toy. In order to avoid the cost of recording recurring dialogues and translating them, the project director asked the actors to improvise and talk in incomprehensible gibberish.

8. Esperanto
The only real language from this list. It was one of the most successful artificial languages ​​in history. Esperanto was created by the Warsaw oculist Zamenhof and described in his book Unua Libro in 1887. The word “Esperanto” means “one who hopes.” Today, there are 100–200 people fluent in Esperanto, and about 200–2,000 of its speakers.

9. Klingon
The Klingon language from the Star Trek universe is today almost a fully developed language. For the first time language (or rather individual phrases) appeared in the movie “Star Trek” (1979). Paramount Pictures subsequently hired Mark Okrand, a linguist, to develop a complete language in detail. The first Klingon dictionary was published in 1985. Shakespeare’s well-known plays “Much Ado About Nothing” and “Hamlet” were even translated into this language.

10. The languages ​​of Arda
This term is used to describe many of the fictional languages ​​invented by Tolkien for the “Lord of the Rings” and other works that take place in Middle-earth. It was made from the desire to render the real linguistic depth of the names and places that Tolkien used in his famous works. The two most mature of these languages ​​are Quenya (the highest elven) and Sindarin. Quenya is comparable to Latin, it is an old language used in Middle-earth as an official language. Both languages ​​were created under the strong influence of Finnish and Welsh, although with their further development this influence became less noticeable.

However, who knows, maybe ei invented languages ​​will someday be used more widely, like 8 unusual innovative inventions, which until recently could only be seen in the cinema, but today they have come to real life.

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